|Basic patterns in German language:
The imperative in German:
The imperative in German
is used for giving orders. There are two different
forms of the imperative in German (depends on how many person you are
The imperative - addressing more than one person:
This form has also two
different forms in German (addressing formally
For addressing informally
you take the "du"-form (for person with whom
you are quite familiar – children, family or close friends).
This imperative is formed by using the stem of the verb (regular verbs)
+ add ending -t. The stem is the form of the infinitive without -en or
The imperative is formed by using the stem + add -et (for verbs ending
in d, t, consonant + m or consonant + n).
For addressing formally
you take the "Sie"-form (for person you don´t
This imperative is formed by using the inifintive (The formal
does not differentiate between the singular and
- The formal imperative
must include the personal pronoun "Sie".
The personal pronoun "Sie" comes after the verb (so you recognize that
this is an imperative)
Translation: to wait -> warten
German (informal): Wartet (stem is ending in "t" -> you add
German (formal): Warten Sie.
Separable verbs as "anfangen" (Englisch: to beginn) split off the
and the prefix is placed at the end of the clause.