|Basic patterns in German language:
Modal verbs in German:
Modals are verbs which
express a permission or intention in a sentence
(you can do, should do or must do). The modal verbs are:
Usage of Modal verbs:
dürfen (English: to be allowed to)
können (English: to be able to)
mögen (English: like to )
müssen (English: must have to)
sollen (English: should do)
wollen (English: want to
The german modal verb "dürfen" is used to express a permission.
you use this modal verb in a question it adds a sense of politeness and
corresponds to the English "may".
The modal verb "können" means "can" or "to be able to" in English
The modal verb "müssen" means "must" or "to have to" in English
The modal verb "sollen" means "to be supposed to" or "should" in English
The modal verb "wollen" expresses an intention and means "to want to"
All modal verbs are irregular and often have a stem vowel change in
Modal verbs in the present form
Modal verbs in the past form
Modal verbs used in a sentence:
In German, the modal and
the main verb are separated. The modal verb
is second and the main verb goes to the end of the sentence. The modal
verb takes the verb endings while the main verb remains in the
English: I would like to go to the theatre.
Modal verb: would like to - mögen
Main verb: to go -> gehen
German: Ich möchte ins Theater gehen.
This is a statement, so word order is: subject "Ich", second a form
of the modal verb "möchte", followed by the object ("Theater") and
at the end of the sentence the main verb in the inifinitve form