|Basic patterns in German language:
Personal pronouns in German:
A noun is a word used to
name a person, an object, an abstract quality
or a concept and a personal pronoun stands in for a noun, usually for a
Personal pronouns (in nominative):
Note: German has
different pronouns for addressing people. Use "du"
or "ihr" for friends and children, and familiar peaople. Use the form
for people whom you do not know well and who are older than you.
Personal pronouns (for all cases):
German is more
complicated than English. Almost all the pronouns change
their form and have different forms depending on whether you are using
them in the accusative or the dative.
certain prepositions such as durch (eng: through),
(eng. for), gegen (eng. against), ohne (eng. without)
um (eng. around), you take the accusative case.
take the dative case are: außer (eng. apart from), aus
(eng. from), out (eng. of), bei (eng. near), gegenüber
(eng. opposite), mit (eng. with), nach (eng.
von (eng. from) and zu (eng. to).
Replacing a noun by a personal pronoun.
Masculine nouns are replaced by a form of "er", regardless of whether
are people, animals or things.
Feminine nouns are replaced by a form of "sie".
Neuter nouns are replaced by a form of "es".