Gender of nouns in German
A noun is a word used to
name a person, an object, an abstract quality
or a concept. German uses grammatical gender, where there is
no obvious relationship that the gender of nouns conforms with their
Three genders in German:
All nouns are masculine,
feminine or neuter. The nouns can be identified
by the definite article which is different for each gender: "der" for
nouns, "die" for female and "das" for neuter nouns. Note that in the
all three groups take the same article: "die".
In a normal dictionary the gender of a noun is usually indicated after
the word. The most common abbreviations are: m (masculine), f
How to find the gender of a noun?:
by the the ending of a noun. There are acertain groups
of nouns which
have identical genders.
The following endings usually indicate that a noun is masculine: -er,
-ismus, -ling, -or
Certain groups of nouns which are masculine: male persons - names of
months and seasons - alcoholic drinks, brands of cars
The following endings usually indicate that a noun is feminine: -ei,
-ie, ion, -keit, -tät, -schaft, -ung
Certain groups of nouns which are feminine: female persons - names of
The following endings usually indicate that a noun is neuter: -chen,
-ma, -ment, -um
Certain groups of nouns which are neuter: young persons - infinitives
as nouns - names of most metals - diminuitives.
by the compound name.
A word that is made up of more than one noun is called a compound noun.
In this case the last noun defines the gender: m + f -> f, nt + f