|Imperative in German:
The imperative in German is used for giving orders.
There are two different
forms of the imperative in German (depends on how many person you are
The imperative - addressing one person:
This form has also two different forms in German (addressing formally
For addressing one person informally you take the "du"-form (for a
with whom you are quite familiar – children, family or close
Addressing one person informally
This imperative is formed by using the stem of the verb (regular verbs)
without an ending. The stem is the form of the infinitive without -en
The imperative is formed by using the stem + add -e (for verbs ending
d, t, consonant + m or consonant + n).
The imperative for "haben" and "sein" is formed by using the stem
-> hab" and "sein -> sei")
For addressing one person formally you take the "Sie"-form (for a
you don´t know).
Addressing one person formally
This imperative is formed by using the inifintive.
The formal imperative must include the personal pronoun "Sie".
The personal pronoun "Sie" comes after the verb (so you recognize that
this is an imperative)
English: Come here
Translation: to come -> kommen
German (informal): Komm her
German (formal): Kommen Sie her.
Separable verbs as "anfangen" (Englisch: to beginn) split off the
and the prefix is placed at the end of the clause.