Imperative in German:

The imperative in German is used for giving orders. There are two different forms of the imperative in German (depends on how many person you are addressing).

The imperative - addressing one person:
This form has also two different forms in German (addressing formally and informally).

  • Addressing one person informally 
For addressing one person informally you take the "du"-form (for a person with whom you are quite familiar – children, family or close friends).
  • This imperative is formed by using the stem of the verb (regular verbs) without an ending. The stem is the form of the infinitive without -en or -n.
  • The imperative is formed by using the stem + add -e (for verbs ending in d, t, consonant + m or consonant + n).
  • The imperative for "haben" and "sein" is formed by using the stem ("haben -> hab" and "sein -> sei")
  • Addressing one person formally 
For addressing one person formally you take the "Sie"-form (for a person you don´t know).
  • This imperative is formed by using the inifintive.
  • The formal imperative must include the personal pronoun "Sie".
  • The personal pronoun "Sie" comes after the verb (so you recognize that this is an imperative)

English: Come here
Translation: to come -> kommen
German (informal): Komm her 
German (formal): Kommen Sie her.

Separable verbs as "anfangen" (Englisch: to beginn) split off the prefix and the prefix is placed at the end of the clause.

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